44-100.A††† Income Definitions

Table of Contents






Separate Income


Community Income


Current Income


Earned Income


Disability Based Income


Voluntary Contribution


Death Benefits


Income In-kind


Interest Income


Lump Sum Income




44-100.A.1 Regulation

State regulations define income as, generally, any benefit in cash or in-kind which is reasonably anticipated to be available and is received as a result of:

       Current or past labor or services;

       Business activities;

       Interests in real or personal property; or

       Contribution from persons, organizations, or assistance agencies.

44-100.A.2 Separate Income

Separate income is:

         Income derived from an interest in separate property; or,

         Income resulting from employment or military service rendered prior to the present marriage; or

         Income received after the rendition of a decree of dissolution, or when one spouse is living apart from the other spouse; or

         Funds awarded a married person from his/her spouse in a civil action for personal injuries are considered that spouseís separate income during the month of receipt and separate property if retained past the month of receipt.

44-100.A.3 Community Income

Community income is:

           Generally income derived from an interest in community property;

           Income resulting from employment or military service performed during the marriage; or

           Funds awarded a married person in a civil action for personal injuries are considered community income during the month of receipt and community property if retained past the month of receipt (except as provided in the previous section).

44-100.A.4 Current Income

Current income is all income which is available during a month without regard to any allowable exemptions or disregards.

44-100.A.5 Earned Income

Earned income is gross income received as:




         Employer provided sick leave benefits; or

         Commissions or profit from self-employment.


Earned income also includes:

           Earnings over a period of time for which settlement is made at one given time (i.e., sale of farm crop, livestock, poultry), other than the sale of an entire holding;

           Returns from personal or real property, such as net income from rental of rooms;

           Earnings under Title 1 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and wages paid under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998. Earnings of a child, which is derived from participation in WIA programs are disregarded from consideration as income for both eligibility and grant determination. (Earned income does not include the training allowances paid to a recipient in WIA programs. The expense allowance paid to an adult WIA participant is applied against the actual expense of training in determining net income. Only the amount that exceeds the expense is counted as income);

           Payments under the Economic Opportunity Act, including payments to beneficiaries of assistance under the act, through such programs as Neighborhood Youth Corps, etc;

           Training incentive payments and work allowances under ongoing manpower programs, other than Welfare-to-Work and WIA; and

           Earnings from On-the-Job Training (OJT), Paid Work Experience (PWX), and Paid Community Service (PCS).

44-100.A.6 Disability Based Income

Disability-based income is defined as income received only from one or more of the following:

           State Disability Insurance (SDI) benefits;

           Private Disability Insurance (PDI) benefits.Includes all privately purchased or employer-sponsored disability insurance benefits whether or not there is an employee contribution. PDI benefits do not include disability benefits that are not insurance;

           Temporary Workersí Compensation (TWC) benefits;

           Temporary Disability Indemnity (TDI) benefits;

           Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits.When SSDI benefits are issued to a child on behalf of an absent parent, the AU is entitled to the $225 disability based income disregard; and

           Veteranís Disability Compensation (VDC) benefits.The Veteranís Administration (VA) has many types of VDC benefits.The benefits received by veterans and their spouses, children, or parents, depend on different factors.Regardless of the type of VDC benefit being paid or to whom itís being paid, the AU is entitled to the $225 disability based income disregard if the payment is based on the veteranís disability.VDC benefit types include but not limited to:

      Disability Compensation

      Special Monthly Compensation

      Individual Unemployability

      Title 38 U.S.C. 1151 Claim

44-100.A.7 Voluntary Contribution

A voluntary contribution is one for which the contributor has no legal liability.

44-100.A.8 Death Benefits

Death benefits include life insurance or burial payments made to the deceasedís beneficiary.

44-100.A.9 Income In-Kind

Income In-Kind is any benefit received other than in cash for an item of need.It includes the value of needs items provided at no charge.

44-100.A.10 Interest Income

Interest on a savings account in a bank, savings and loan association, or other institution authorized to accept savings.

44-100.A.11 Lump Sum Income

Lump sum nonrecurring payments are considered property under the Semi-Annual Reporting (SAR)/Prospective Budgeting (PB) system.